The main conditions for a quick recovery after augmentation mammoplasty are moral preparation, strict adherence to the doctor's recommendations and a positive attitude. The rules and restrictions that surgeons require to comply with will reduce the risk of undesirable consequences, and drug therapy will alleviate the condition and improve the result.
Complications caused by infection of the wound may appear at 1-2 weeks: increasing swelling, severe pain, fever.
In patients who suffer from a bleeding disorder, in the first 3 weeks they allow physical activity or remove compression underwear, hematomas appear.
Injury to the glands, load of the pleural girdle, running, bending can provoke rotation, rotation of the implant.
In women with a lack of glandular, adipose tissue, visualization, probing of the endoprosthesis, ripling (skin waviness) is possible. Such defects are corrected by lipofilling.
After 3 - 12 months are diagnosed:
- capsular contracture (hardening of the fibrous membrane);
- asymmetry of glands, nipples;
- stagnation of lymphatic fluid (seroma);
- hypertrophic, keloid scars;
- anaplastic lymphoma (about 100 cases / 1 million operations).
Timeline of the recovery period
The complexity and duration of rehabilitation depend on the degree of complexity of mammoplasty. After a simple augmentation with implants, women recover faster and easier than after complex endoprosthetics combined with a lift, removal of excess tissue.
The postoperative wound heals in 5-7 days. Implants take root within 8-10 weeks. A new breast is formed up to six months. To control the dynamics of wound healing, to identify complications, the surgeon conducts scheduled examinations.
The result of the operation by 30% depends on the experience and knowledge of the doctor. 70% of the result is formed by the correct behavior of the patient. A woman should know how to behave, which sensations are the norm, and which ones are a deviation.
First postoperative week
The first day of the patient is in the intensive care unit. The effects of anesthesia are felt: weakness, drowsiness, nausea. Pain in the chest are dull in nature. To alleviate the condition, analgesics are prescribed. By the end of the first day they are allowed to walk. On the second day, they issue an extract.
The first 3 - 6 days are the norm:
- rise in temperature to 37. 9 degrees;
- a feeling of tension, fullness in the mammary glands (the larger the volume of the endoprosthesis, the stronger the sensations);
- edema, hematomas (the appearance of new hematomas, an increase in the size of edema is an alarming symptom);
- loss of skin sensitivity in the area of the nipples, lower pole.
A compression bra is required. It is impossible to remove underwear for 30-45 days even at night. It is necessary to appear for dressings on the days specified by the doctor. It is forbidden to raise your hands up, sleep on your side and stomach, take a bath, lift objects weighing more than a couple of kg.
Second postoperative week
Starting from the 6th day, the pain and discomfort disappear. The sutures are removed on the 7-10th day. Swelling persists, invisible under the linen.
Chest pleases with volume. Women can go to non-physical work, do simple household chores.
In order for the implant to maintain the correct position for a month after breast augmentation, it is impossible:
- walk, sleep without compression underwear;
- lie down on the stomach, sides;
- lean forward, down;
- jump and run, put a load on the shoulder girdle, press;
- lift weights;
One month after surgery
After 4 - 6 weeks, the swelling of the glands is little noticeable or disappears. There is itching, tingling, mild soreness in the scar area.
Women lead a normal life: go to bed without underwear, take a warm bath, take long walks. The compression bandage, with the permission of the doctor, is replaced with an underwired bra, a sports top.
Yoga and Pilates classes are allowed. At home, they do a light warm-up, avoiding movements that cause pain and discomfort. Loads on the legs are not contraindicated. The mammary glands must be protected from shock, pressure, shaking. Still can not overheat, sunbathe, fly.
More than one month after implant placement
Most of the restrictions are removed after 60-75 days. During this period, a capsule is formed, the pectoral muscles adapt to the endoprosthesis. The risk of displacement, coup of implants is reduced.
From the third month, it is allowed to sleep on your stomach, relax in the sauna, on the beach, take bath procedures. You can pump the press, do inclinations, do gymnastics, health walking on the street or a treadmill. The doctor will allow jogging, jumping in 4 - 5 months, power loads - in six months.
You can go in for sports in the first year only in a tight sports top. Traumatization of the gland should be avoided for the entire period of wearing the implant.
Medications, drugs, diet to shorten the rehabilitation period
In the first week, patients come to the clinic for dressing, then they take care of their breasts on their own. The doctor prescribes:
- antibacterial, antifungal therapy (7-10 days);
- antiseptics for the treatment of seams (brilliant green solution, iodine, antiseptic solutions for 15-20 days).
When the crusts come off, the scars are smeared with wound healing agents. Depending on the stage of recovery, surgeons recommend anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial ointments.
When buying bras, you need to choose models with wide straps, deep cups. To make the breast heal faster, include in the diet a large amount of protein foods: fish, poultry, cottage cheese. Eat fresh vegetables and fruits, dishes on gelatin (aspic, jelly), containing zinc, peanuts, pine nuts, beans.
Frequently asked questions, answers to them
I want to decide on the operation, but I do not know what to expect?
You will see the aesthetic result on the monitor screen after 3D modeling. After the procedure, the pain is insignificant, discomfort is felt in the first 5 days. If you follow the restrictions, process the seams correctly, in a couple of months you will be able to admire the new forms, forgetting about the operation.
Do bad habits (smoking, alcohol) affect the rehabilitation process?
The use of alcohol, nicotine causes vasospasm, which leads to an insufficient supply of oxygen to tissues. After each cigarette, the vessels remain constricted for up to 90 minutes. In patients who smoke, drink alcohol, rejection, tissue necrosis occurs three times more often.
I go to the gym quite often. Are there any restrictions?
You can go to the gym from the fifth week, but you will have to limit yourself to walking on a treadmill, exercises for the press, leg muscles. Yoga, Pilates are allowed. Track running, dumbbell exercises are available after 4 to 6 months. Professional bodybuilding and weightlifting are prohibited for women with implants placed under the pectoral muscle.
Sex is important to me. Is it possible to have an active sex life during rehabilitation?
In the first three to five days, discomfort, soreness do not contribute to the awakening of sexual desires. From the end of the first week, you can and should have sex. It is necessary to protect the chest from pressure, shaking. Choose positions in which the man is behind, rest your hands on a solid support to reduce the swing of the body, and have fun.
Tell us about the rules of rest after surgery?
The doctor recommends resting in a half-sitting position for the first three days. For 20-30 days, you can only sleep on your back.
I can not find on the Internet a detailed description of the implementation of hygiene procedures during the rehabilitation period. Give me some advice?
Taking a shower is allowed for 3-4 days. The water temperature is 36 degrees. The seam can be wetted, but you can not touch it with your hands, a washcloth. Use baby soap, neutral pH gel. After bathing, you need to treat the scar with an antiseptic, apply a bandage, put on compression underwear. After 30 days, a warm bath is allowed.
My job involves frequent business trips. Is it possible to often resort to air travel?
The ban on air travel is lifted after 90 days. The frequency of flights is not limited.